Hit

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The term hit refers to an effect that applies a discrete amount of damage to a target instantaneously. The damage can be mitigated down to 0, but can never be negative.[1] Damage dealt by hits always has one of 3 damage sources (attack, spell or secondary, but note that damage over time never hits.[2]) and is combined of any 5 damage types (physical, fire, cold, lightning or chaos).

Besides the amount of damage, its type and source, 'hit packages' also contain certain mechanics and effects, such as:

  • critical strikes
  • ailments
  • penetration and resistance ignoring (i.e. Inevitable Judgement)
  • accuracy (for attacks only)
  • modifications to target's block and dodge chances (i.e. Block Chance Reduction SupportBlock Chance Reduction SupportSupport, Duration
    Icon: B
    Level: (1-20)
    Requires Level 18Supports any skill that hits enemies.Enemies have -(10-20)% chance to Block Attack or Spell Damage from Supported Skills
    Supported Skills inflict Overpowered for 4 seconds when Blocked
    Overpowered applies -5% chance to Block Attack and Spell Damage

    Additional Effects per 1% Quality:
    Supported Skills have 0.25% reduced Enemy Block Chance
    This is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
    )

and others.

On/when hit effects

"On Hit" effects are when the player hits the enemy, and "When Hit" is when the enemy hits the player. In general, most effects are applied after the hit is completed and damage is dealt, since magnitude of damage is used to compute the magnitude of effect. These include, but are not limited to:

  • gain temporary buffs (e.g. charges)
  • inflict debuffs (e.g. curses or bleed)
  • stun
  • knockback
  • gain life, mana or energy shield
  • culling strike
  • skill-specific effects (e.g. Creeping FrostCreeping FrostSpell, Projectile, Duration, AoE, Cold
    Level: (1-20)
    Cost: (7-20) Mana
    Cast Time: 0.60 sec
    Critical Strike Chance: 6.00%
    Effectiveness of Added Damage: 120%
    Projectile Speed: 844
    AoE Radius: 12
    Requires Level 12Fire an icy projectile that bursts on impact or when reaching the targeted area, dealing area damage and creating a chilling area that deals cold damage over time. This area will creep across the ground towards nearby enemies until its duration expires.Deals (11-568) to (16-847) Cold Damage
    Deals (18.4-2225.7) Base Cold Damage per second
    Base duration is 5 seconds
    Modifiers to Spell Damage apply to this Skill's Damage Over Time effect
    Can have up to 10 Chilling Areas

    Additional Effects per 1% Quality:
    0.5% increased Area of Effect
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Creeping Frost skill icon.png
    's explosion).

Additionally, some effects have specific requirements, such as Life Gain on Hit SupportLife Gain on Hit SupportAttack, Support
Icon: h
Level: (1-20)
Cost & Reservation Multiplier: 130%
Requires Level 8Supports attack skills.+(6-44) Life gained for each Enemy hit by Attacks from Supported Skills

Additional Effects per 1% Quality:
+0.5 Life gained for each Enemy hit by Attacks from Supported Skills
This is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
only working with attacks, culling strike only affects enemies with less than 10% life, and Voll's ProtectorVoll's Protector
Holy Chainmail
Armour: (388-582)
Energy Shield: (82-122)
Movement Speed: -5%
Requires Level 35, 53 Str, 53 Int(100-150)% increased Armour and Energy Shield
50% reduced maximum Mana
Gain a Power Charge for each Enemy you hit with a Critical Strike
Inner Conviction
Although a great leader during the war,
Voll proved disastrous in times of peace.
's effect needing a critical strike.

Blocking an attack (even if you still take damage, as with Glancing Blows) prevents most on-hit effects (except the debilitate from Punishment) but does trigger the defender's when-hit effects[3].

Conditional modifiers

There are modifiers that can only apply their effects when a certain condition is met. Modifiers that are conditional on properties of the target do not affect damage over time because only hits are able to check someone else properties.[4][5] For example, more Damage against Chilled Enemies from Hypothermia SupportHypothermia SupportCold, Support
Icon: D
Level: (1-20)
Cost & Reservation Multiplier: 130%
Requires Level 31Supports any skill that deals damage.Supported Skills deal (20-29)% more Damage with Hits and Ailments against Chilled Enemies
Supported Skills have +20% chance to Freeze Enemies which are Chilled
Supported Skills deal (20-29)% more Cold Damage Over Time

Additional Effects per 1% Quality:
Supported Skills have 1.5% increased Chill Duration on Enemies
This is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
doesn't increase damage from DoTs.

SouthboundSouthbound
Soldier Gloves
Armour: (92-103)
Energy Shield: (19-21)
Requires Level 51, 40 Str, 40 IntAdds (60-72) to (88-100) Cold Damage to Attacks
(12-16)% increased maximum Life
+(40-50)% to Cold Resistance
100% increased Freeze Duration on Enemies
Your Hits can only Kill Frozen Enemies
Far south, the winter crawls under the skin.
Below the snow, adrift wanderers sleep.
gloves will prevent your hits from killing enemies who are not frozen. This will not stop enemies from dying from your damage over time or minions.

Items that enable self-damaging

Items that hit:

Items that do not hit, but still deal damage to you:

Skills that enable self-damaging

Skills that hit:

  • Forbidden RiteForbidden RiteSpell, AoE, Chaos, Projectile
    Level: (1-20)
    Cost: (8-21) Mana
    Cast Time: 0.75 sec
    Critical Strike Chance: 6.00%
    Effectiveness of Added Damage: 110%
    Requires Level 16Lobs an exploding projectile near the targeted location, and extra projectiles toward enemies around you. The projectiles deal chaos damage based on your life and energy shield. Casting this spell damages you.Deals (15-498) to (22-747) Chaos Damage
    Deals 5% of your maximum Energy Shield as base Chaos Damage
    Deals 12% of your maximum Life as base Chaos Damage
    Take 40% of maximum Life and 25% of maximum Energy Shield as Chaos Damage
    Fires extra Projectiles at up to (6-7) surrounding Enemies

    Additional Effects per 1% Quality:
    1% increased Projectile Speed
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Forbidden Rite skill icon.png
  • BoneshatterBoneshatterAttack, Melee, Strike, AoE, Duration, Physical
    Level: (1-20)
    Cost: 5 Mana
    Attack Speed: 85% of base
    Attack Damage: (200-250)% of base
    Effectiveness of Added Damage: (200-250)%
    Requires Level 28Attack enemies with a forceful melee strike that also hurts you. Successive uses will raise the damage dealt both to enemies and you. Stunning an enemy with the strike releases a damaging pulse. Requires a Mace, Sceptre, Axe or Staff.(11-158) to (17-238) Added Attack Physical Damage
    +2 to Melee Strike Range
    Take (6-194) Physical Damage per Trauma when you gain Trauma
    (2-4)% more Damage per Trauma
    Pulse has 15% increased Area of Effect per 0.1s of Stun Duration, up to 400%

    Additional Effects per 1% Quality:
    1% increased Stun Duration on enemies
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Boneshatter skill icon.png

References

  1. Mark_GGG (June 22, 2016). "Mechanical Questions Thread". Official Path of Exile Forums. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  2. Mark_GGG (February 21, 2016). "GGG, can we get some answers on Conversion please?". Official Path of Exile Forums. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  3. https://www.reddit.com/r/pathofexile/comments/h0z19u/comment/funpjve/?context=10
  4. Mark_GGG (October 9, 2015). "Poison Arrow's DoT + AA + Hypothermia works?". Official Path of Exile Forums. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  5. Mark_GGG (June 9, 2016). "Mechanical Questions Thread". Official Path of Exile Forums. Retrieved July 05, 2016.

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